Visit the Natural Science Research Laboratory's (a part of the Museum of Texas Tech University).

Most moles never really come to the surface, although they do leave their signs in the form of tunnels and mounds. This damage is created in a mole's relentless pursuit of food...primarily earthworms. Yes earthworms. Moles are insectivores, obtaining essentially ALL of their dietary needs from these creatures. In the process of hunting, moles can tunnel up to 100 feet per day...causing extensive lawn and landscape damage.

There are a total of 6 species of moles in North America. While each has its own unique look, size and characteristics, ALL of them have one thing in common...their insatiable appetite and need to find food.

Since moles do not hibernate and are active year-round, there is a possibility of damage throughout much of the year in many areas of the country. In many cases, ongoing control programs will be necessary.

Mole Trails

Moles are an ancient species of mammals that are incredibly well adapted to their life underground.

Environmental Conditions

Since moles follow their food source, they will seem to disappear if worms move to other areas. This is especially true during very dry conditions. During these times worms will go deeper in the soil following moisture. Correspondingly, moles will follow deeper underground. This can give the impression that a mole has left the area. But as soon as soil conditions change, they will return to their tunnel/mound systems as long as earthworms return.

Topographical Variations

Properties adjacent to wooded areas, field and other fertile hunting grounds area susceptible to "reoccupation". "Reoccupation" occurs when a new mole moves into an area that has become inactive. If these conditions are present, additional treatment may be required to maintain control.